There is a real frustration felt by historians and civil rights advocates when popular understandings of the civil rights struggles in the United States are discussed. Often our public schools are the only "in-depth" point of contact many folks have with the movement for rights and dignity led by and for people of color, and African-Americans in particular. These discussions often hyper-focus on the work of Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in non-violent direct action, while barely including a footnote about the Black Power Movement and the work of black nationalists.
Dr. Jennifer Harvey, in her book Dear White Christians, discusses the detrimental effects on the souls of white folks when we exclusively focus on Dr. King's reconciliation perspective without honestly considering the call for reparations made by the Black Power movement. Inequality and discrimination have material consequences, as well as psychological and emotional ones; inequality becomes solidified in terms of who has been able to amass wealth, who has been able to pass wealth on to their children, and who has been able to leverage the justice system to defend their wealth.
The Black Power Movement was defined by its focus on the material disparities that resulted from the enslavement of people of African descent, as well as the subsequent second-class status of their descendants for generations. Black Power has much to teach us in the 21st century about what it will require for the United States to be honestly healed from its racist legacy.